THE PERMANENT COLLECTION OF SERBIAN ART OF THE 18TH CENTURY
The paintings from the early Baroque period were not created by a homogenous group of artists. The influences their authors were developing under came from various sources – Russian-Ukrainian, southern Balkan, as well as those arriving, albeit slowly, from the art centers of Western Europe.
The first generation of early Baroque painters was nurtured on the instructions of Russian painters, Jov Vasilijevič and Vasilij Romanovič. It was followed by the group of painters educated at the Painting Academy of the Pechersk Lavra in Kiev – Dimitrije Bačević and Stefan Tenecki.
Among those painters who brought along influences from southern Balkans and worked in the spirit of Levantine Baroque, the most prominent ones were Hristofor Žefarović, Jovan Četirević Grabovan and Janko Halkozović. They relied on the experience gained from Italian Renaissance and Byzantine traditions and created a specific type of Baroque icons.
Finally, a more direct turn towards Central European conceptions was initiated by Joakim Marković, whose work resulted in the earliest portraits and still-lives, together with historical compositions and heraldic representations, painted in churches.