THE PERMANENT COLLECTION OF SERBIAN ART OF THE 18TH CENTURY
The appearance and development of late Baroque painting was determined by the cultural and political changes under the rule of Emperor Joseph II. The last two decades of the 18th century – the period of Enlightenment – were marked by ideological change, bringing into focus the learned and enlightened man. Trained artists, travelers to European centers of art, embraced and propagated the ideas of enlightened reforms. Among the artists who were to take Serbian painting down the path of Central European late Baroque formulations, the most prominent positions belong to Jakov Orfelin and Teodor Ilić Češljar, together with the woodcarvers Aksentije Marković and Marko Vujatović.
Neoclassicism, the style of the forthcoming epoch, founded on the ideas of Enlightenment, did not compete with the prevailing late Baroque conceptions, even in the first decades of the following century. Such tendencies come to the surface in works of the painters such as Stefan Gavrilović, Jovan Isailović Sr., Georgije Mišković and Mihajlo Živković.