THE COLLECTION OF THE 19TH CENTURY

RELIGIOUS PAINTING OF THE 19TH CENTURY

19th century religious painting can be analyzed in the general context of historicism, fluctuating between the two extremes – baroque and symbolistic interpretations of paintings, which found its way into Serbia under the influence of fine arts academies situated in Middle Europe. This kind of painting, formally expressed by means of different stylistic aesthetic types, had the same ideological basis, which taught that a religious painting rested on the argument of authentic and objectively accepted truth. Since the biblical representation did not have the task to express the dogmatic teachings of the Church, but rather the authenticity of a historical event, theoretically, there was even no difference between an Orthodox and a Catholic painting. This made possible the use of models from graphic art papers and illustrated Bibles from the West, which were considered to be reliable bases for the adequate representation of certain Christian themes. In addition to showing historical authenticity, in keeping with the postulates of idealistic aesthetics, according to which a good painting needs to be beautiful, too, religious art encompassed idealistic elements as well. 

RELIGIOUS PAINTINGS
GRAPHIC ART
NEOCLASSICISM
BIEDERMEIER
ROMANTICISM
HISTORICISM
ACADEMISM
ORIENTALISM
REALISM
SYMBOLISM
NUDE

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